From Rio de Janeiro to Venice, this is how Carnival is celebrated in the worldFebruary 12, 2019
Considered the oldest celebration of the Humanity, the celebration of Carnival it is characterized in different parts of the planet by excesses and joy.
It is believed that it began to be performed more than 5 thousand years ago by the Sumerian peasants, who disguised themselves to celebrate the fertility of the earth.
It spread later to ancient Greece-dedicated to Dionysus, the god of wine-and to Rome, where the god Bacchus was honored. During the Middle Ages it acquired its great splendor, when Venice hosted this pagan festival, introduced by the navigators who arrived at its port.
Carnival of Venice, a celebration declared a World Heritage Site
AFP PHOTO / TIZIANA FABI
From there he adopted the name “Carne-levare”, an Italian expression that means “to remove the meat”, in reference to the prohibition of consuming it that governed during the Easter period, from the reform of the calendar carried out by the Pope Gregory XIII in 1582.
The different Carnival parties, however, had in common their strong link with spiritual and astronomical phenomena or natural cycles, which were expressed, as it happens today, through music, dance, mockery and self-assurance .
Here, some of the most recognized celebrations in Europe and South America.
Every corner of the city and even the gondolas are transformed into a great stage for the Carnival. REUTERS / Manuel Silvestri
From February 16 to March 5 Venice is preparing to host the most renowned carnival of all.
Every corner of the city, and even the gondolas that transit the canals, become a great stage where neighbors, tourists and professionals wear the famous masks and medieval costumes so typical of the tradition that refers back to the Middle Ages, when the nobility sought to hide their identity to mingle with the people and enjoy freedom of a ‘period of excess’.
Piazza San Marco is the nerve center where most of the shows take place and the inaugural event: the famous “Volo dell’Angelo”, when an artist in traditional costumes descends by a mechanical cable from the Bell Tower to the Doge’s Palace.
Traditional regatta of the Grand Canal of Venice
EFE / EPA / UFFICIO STAMPA CARNEVALE
During the 18 days of carnival you can also enjoy a large number of private events, some in wonderful Venetian palaces, whose tickets must be purchased in advance and wear period costumes, which can also be rented online (www.carnevale.venezia.it)
Rio de Janeiro Brazil
The most recognized carnival in America and the second most important in the world -after Venice– It is formally inaugurated when the great King Momo is crowned and receives the keys of the city from the mayor’s hands. That same afternoon, on March 1, the festivities begin with the parade of the children’s samba schools.
Members of Beija Flor dance during the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, in the sambadrome / AFP PHOTO / Carl DE SOUZA
The next day the official parades and the samba schools of the access group take place.
The most anticipated days arrive on Sunday 3 and Monday 4, when it is the turn of the special samba schools, the best schools that compete for the title of Carnival Champion.
The one in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most convening carnivals in the world. REUTERS / Ricardo Moraes
Each one has 80 minutes to tour the sambadrome and conquer with their dances, songs and with the show performed exclusively for that edition. The six best participate in the so-called Parade of Champions, on March 9, the last day of the carnival, where the great winner is announced.
During the 5 days, the Marques de Sapucaí Sambadrome receives 60 thousand sambistas, 3,500 percussionists and 70 floats, in a show for an audience of more than 200 thousand people. It is essential to buy the tickets and book the accommodation for the dates chosen well in advance (www.rio-carnival.net).
A lot of color and joy among the members of the Sague school Mangueira / AFP PHOTO / Mauro PIMENTEL
The Montevideo carnival is a celebration that was born in the second half of the 18th century and is a faithful expression of Afro-Uruguayan culture, which is exhibited in the well-known ‘Llamadas’, so characteristic of this festival and where around 40 neighborhoods of blacks and lubolos parade through the Sur and Palermo neighborhoods. They are the spontaneous demonstrations that the blacks made when their drums sounded in the streets to go to celebrate.
The rhythm that unifies this carnival, considered the longest in the world with a duration of 40 days, is the candombe. The thousands of people who accompany each year dance and enjoy the cuplés and murgas, with mocking and satirical songs.
The rhythm that unifies this carnival is the candombe (Photo by PABLO PORCIUNCULA / AFP)
In this celebration they also participate parodists (focused on the theatrical representation of humoradas), humorists (who seek to make people laugh through fiction scripts, with songs, dance and recitation) and journals (who prioritize dancing over humor or singing).
This year, the inaugural parade was on January 24. (www.carnavaldeluruguay.com).
Color and rhythm in the comparsas of the capital of Uruguay (Photo by PABLO PORCIUNCULA / AFP)
With Andean traditions, of the original and Christian peoples -introduced by the Spaniards upon their arrival in America-, the Oruro Carnival is characterized by the folkloric ensembles of different regions of Bolivia, such as caporales, waka waka, sambos, morenadas, llameros and tinkus, among others.
For the Oruro Carnival in Bolivia, half a million people are waiting.
The famous diabladas represent the true meaning of the carnival: a fight of good against evil in which good always triumphs, characterized by devils and angels parading with spectacular costumes, throwing fire by the mouth and rockets. The Pachamama, as in the Carnival of northern Argentina, has a preponderant role and is an identity symbol of the celebration.
This year, the Oruro Carnival will take place from February 23 to March 4 (AFP).
During the festivities the Virgen del Socavón is worshiped – the patron saint of the miners – and every Saturday of Carnival a pilgrimage is made to her sanctuary, in the traditional Entrance.
The Oruro Carnival takes place this year from February 23 to March 4, with the days 1 to 4 March as the most conveners. The Pilgrimage to the Socavón is on Saturday March 2 and the Entrance to the Corso, on Sunday 3. A few weeks before the traditional treats begin (www.boliviaturismo.com.bo).
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