Cuzco PeruFebruary 13, 2018
The City of Cuzco, at 3,400 m above sea level, is located in a fertile alluvial valley fed by several rivers in the heart of the Central Peruvian Andes of South America. Under the rule of Inca Pachacuteq (Tito Cusi Inca Yupanqui), in the 15th century, the city was redesigned and remodelled after a pre-Inca occupation process of over 3,000 years, and became the capital of the Tawantinsuyu Inca Empire, which covered much of the South American Andes between the 15th and 16th centuries AD.
Cuzco City is a Central Peruvian Andes of South America located at 3,400 m altitude in a fertile alluvial valley includes many rivers. The city was under the rule of Inca Pachcuteq (Tito Cusi Inca Yupanqui) and in the 15th century, the city was redesigned after a pre-Inca occupation means of over 3,000 years, and have become the administrative centre from the Tawantinsuyu Inca Empire, which covered most of the South American Andes relating to the 15th and 16th centuries AD.
The Imperial capital – the Incas was built as a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions that had been perfectly defined, distributed and arranged. The religious and government buildings were accompanied by the exclusive abodes for royal families, forming an unprecedented symbolic urban compound, which shows a stone construction technology with exceptional aesthetic and structural properties, including the Temple with the Sun or Qoricancha, the Aqllahuasi, the Sunturcancha, the Kusicancha and some very finely finished buildings that shape the Inca compound as an indivisible unity of Inca urbanism. The noble city was clearly isolated from the clearly delineated areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production as well as in the surrounding neighbourhoods. The pre-Hispanic patterns and buildings that shaped the Imperial city of the Incas are visible today.
- Beware for altitude sickness effects. Take some precaution, drink lots of water and take a few days to adjust if you can before taking on major activities if you are feeling it.
- Cusco is higher in altitude than destinations other popular locations such as Machu Picchu so you may want to consider heading there first. You can always get rest in Aguas Caliente before doing Machu Picchu if you need to.
- There are a lot of tasteful traditional foods in the area, on trip you will certainly visit local towns to stop to eat. Do not miss the chance to taste as many of the local dishes in their authentic form.
- Reaching to Cusco is not difficult from Lima, it takes one hour flight. Bus takes 12 hour long winding trip is not an easy . We recommend you to book your flight early and save your money rather to choose busses that may make you ill.
- Taxis are very cheap. Taking them around central Cusco is quite reasonable and comfortable but make sure they have the registered taxi sticker in the front window amd they are legal. You need to confirm to confirm where you want to go and the price before you get in.
- If you are planning to go on , make sure you have good sports shoes or a hiking boot, a waterproof jacket, sunscreen, hat and water. You need to wear comfortable.
- At many places credit card is not available to use so make sure you carry cash securely with you.
Spend some time finding the right tour company to go with – best to go with a mid-range option as some of the cheaper companies provide inferior service.
Wear good quality socks along with comfortable clothing, wind and rain jacket and warmer clothes for nighttime.
If you are planning on doing Huayna Picchu you might want to consider staying an extra night in Aguas Caliente and doing it the next day as you won’t enjoy it as much if you are exhausted.
- Respect the indigenous people’s privacy! Do not take pictures of their colorful traditional dress without asking beforehand. Some may ask for money in return for posing for you.
- Colectivos (small busses) are crowded and not needed to explore the center. Taxis are omnipresent and also not necessary, but if you do take one, be sure to bargain the price!
- Be prepared for any kind of weather at this altitude; meaning: always bring sunblock, sun glasses, a light rain jacket and a warm jumper. Wear comfy shoes!
- Many restaurants are economic multi-course set menu, much cheaper in smaller, local places than in touristy areas.
- If you have more than one day, you may want to consider the Boleto Turistico, which gives you admission to 16 sites and museums over a 10-day period in Cusco and the Sacred Valley.
- City tours are a good option, but be careful you need to purchase admission to many sights separately from the tour price. Tour guide is a good option.
The grounds below the Coricancha are beautifully manicured and worth exploring. At night, spotlights illuminate parts of the Inca wall and church exterior.
Be careful there is an entry fee, discounts available for seniors and students that have ID cards.
With all the Spanish conquest in the 16th century, the urban structure of the Inca imperial capital of scotland- Cuzco was preserved and temples, monasteries and manor houses were built in the Inca city. These folks were mostly of baroque style with local adaptations, which made a unique and also quality mixed configuration representing the first juxtaposition and fusion of various periods and cultures, as well as the city’s historic continuity. The city’s remarkable syncretism is evident not just in its physique but also from the Viceroyalty’s artistic expression. It became the most important centres of non secular art creation and production from the continent. It is also very important to its population’s traditions and customs, most of which still keep their ancestral origins. From its complex past, woven with significant events and delightful legends, the city has retained an extraordinary monumental ensemble and coherence and is today a fantastic amalgam with the Inca capital along with the colonial city. From the first, it preserves impressive vestiges, especially its plan: walls of meticulously cut granite or andesite, rectilinear streets running within the walls, as well as the ruins of the Sun Temple. Of the colonial city, there remain the freshly whitewashed squat houses, the palace and the marvellous Baroque churches which achieved the impossible fusion with the Plateresco, Mudejar or Churrigueresco styles your with the Inca tradition.
The Location of Cuzco is a unique testimony with the ancient Inca civilization, heart of Tawantinsuyu imperial government, which exercised political, religious and administrative treatments for much of the South American Andes relating to the 15th and 16th centuries. The town represents the sum of 3,000 numerous years of indigenous and autonomous cultural increase in the Peruvian southern Andes.
The Location of Cuzco provides a unique testimony to the urban and architectural achievements of important political, economic and cultural settlements in the pre-Columbian era in South America. It’s a representative and exceptional instance of the confluence of two distinct cultures Inca and Hispanic, which over the centuries produced a superb cultural syncretism and configured a unique urban structure and architectural form.
The City of Cuzco maintains the spatial organization and quite a few buildings from the ancient Inca Empire capital as well as the Viceroyalty. Along its streets and squares, it shows its original urban and architectural characteristics. Despite urban growth, the sectors that define the Inca imperial city are recognizable, like the ancient stone structures and their advanced construction technique. Such structures define and enclose streets and canchas (housing units), on what colonial and republican houses, monasteries and churches rose and kept intact each of their architectural components and pieces of art included. This complete group of attributes is found unaltered within the delimited area maintaining its structural, material and concrete integrity.
One of many factors threatening the integrity of the City of Cuzco is earthquakes. After the 1950 earthquake many culturally valuable buildings deteriorated and are not repaired yet due to not enough funding. The possible lack of technical and regulatory documents on urban management generates saturation of services inside the city centre disrupting its integrity and affecting its use. Several private buildings are deteriorated by overuse, overcrowding, lack of maintenance and insufficient funds which threatens their physical integrity.
The authenticity in the Town of Cuzco is backed up by the physical proof its urban composition in streets and squares, original layout, urban and architectural values, utilization of space and also the Inca and Colonial architecture. Gets into something are testimony of Cuzco’s importance as centre from the political power and also its symbiosis with colonial settlement and assembling patterns through the 15th century, which permits us to more clearly understand the city as well as historic processes. The site Percentu’s originality and authenticity can also be based on 16th century documents collected by direct witnesses since Hispanic conquest. The standards threatening the parts of the City of Cuzco never have affected the authenticity of the company’s basic elements. However, new tourism development is threatening the preservation and functional capacity of ancient buildings, which occasionally are altered or replaced by new buildings for tourism and trade, relocating the main dwellers to the periphery.
The Town of Cuzco is assessed as cultural heritage of the nation being a Monumental Area prior to Supreme Resolution 2900, dated 1972, which establishes its protection scope but doesn’t specify its buffer zone. Based on the same regulation, all streets from the delimited area are classed as Monumental Urban Environment and 103 historic valuable buildings are classed as Monuments. This heritage is protected with the National Constitution, by Law 28296, General Law for National Cultural Heritage, amongst others.
The Secretary of state for Culture along with the Provincial Municipality of Cuzco are mostly in charge of the conservation and treatments for the exact property and perform constant urban assessments, registration, protection, supervision and control works. The Municipality of Cuzco accounts for authorizing intervention works within the city and also participates in preservation and restoration of cultural heritage programs and projects.
Following 1950 earthquake, recovery and restoration interventions of archaeological and historic monuments began from the Capital Cuzco which are continued through 1973 Projects included as well technical training of specialists to enhance the technical level and tools for preservation. However, the City of Cuzco is rolling out the cadastre and it has updated inventory along with the declaration of monuments. An administration insurance policy for the City of Cuzco, that is fundamental for cover, was created in 2005 which is currently being implemented.